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Letter to Gaelic Learners Litir do Luchd-ionnsachaidh

Ruairidh MacIlleathain A series of letters to support Gaelic learners. This will help learners who already have some knowledge and understanding of Gaelic and are looking to develop their language skills. Sound files, text, vocabulary and language notes are also available. Sreath de litrichean a bheir taic do luchd-ionnsachaidh na Gàidhlig. Bidh iad seo cuideachail do luchd-ionnsachaidh le beagan tuigs air a’ Ghàidhlig agus a tha a’ coimhead airson dòigh air na sgilean cànain aca a leasachadh. Tha faidhle fuaim, teacsa, briathrachas agus puingean cànain rim faighinn cuideachd.

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Pàdraig na Beinne (2) (Litir 991)

Bha mi ag innse dhuibh an sgeulachd Pàdraig na Beinne. Bha Pàdraig air bò a thoirt don mhargaidh ach thill e dhachaigh gun sgàth na phòcaid. Bha geall luach ceud not aige le caraid nach fhaigheadh e trod sam bith bho a bhean. Dh’fhan a charaid taobh a-muigh taigh Phàdraig, a’ cumail cluas ri claisneachd. ‘Tha mi air tilleadh, a bhean,’ thuirt Pàdraig.

‘Tha mi toilichte d’ fhaicinn,’ thuirt a bhean. ‘Ciamar a chaidh dhut anns a’ bhaile mhòr?’

‘Cha deach ro mhath,’ dh’aidich an duine aice. ‘Cha robh duine deònach a’ bhò a cheannach. Cha do rinn mi ach a toirt seachad air each.’

‘Air each?’ ars ise. ‘Nach tu fhèin an duine glic, a Phàdraig. Cha leig sinn a leas a bhith a’ coiseachd don eaglais tuilleadh.’

‘Ach chan eil an t-each againn,’ thuirt Pàdraig. ‘Thug mi seachad e agus fhuair mi muc na àite.’

‘O, rinn thu dìreach mar a dhèanainn fhìn,’ thuirt a bhean. ‘Faodaidh mis’ a-nise muicfheòil a chur air beulaibh dhaoine nuair a thig iad air chèilidh oirnn.’

‘Ge-tà,’ thuirt Pàdraig, ‘chan eil a’ mhuc agam a-nise. Fhuair mi gobhar na h-àite.’

‘Beannaich mise!’ ghlaodh a’ bhean aige. ‘Tha gobhar nas fheàrr na muc. Gheibh sinn bainne is càise a-nise.’

‘Stad ort,’ thuirt Pàdraig. ‘Chan eil a’ ghobhar agam idir. Thug mi seachad i agus fhuair mi caora na h-àite.’

‘Och, a Phàdraig,’ thuirt a bhean, ‘bha thu dìreach airson mo thoileachadh. Cha bhiomaid ach a’ dìreadh na beinne gach latha airson a’ ghobhar a thoirt dhachaigh air ròpa. ʼS i a’ chaora fhèin as fheàrr oir bheir i dhuinn clòimh is bainne.’

‘ ʼS e sin nam biodh i againn,’ fhreagair an duine aice. ‘Thug mi seachad i agus thug mi leam gèadh na h-àite.’

‘Nach tu a bha glic,’ thuirt a bhean. ‘Chan eil feòil nas blasta na feòil geòidh air a ròstadh.’

‘Socair ort, a-nise,’ arsa Pàdraig. ‘Dh’fhalbh an gèadh agus chan eil e agam a-nis. Thachair duine còir rium aig an robh coileach, agus thug mi dha an gèadh air.’

‘O, is math sin,’ thuirt a bhean. ‘Sin dìreach an rud a bha mi fhìn air a dhèanamh. Cha leig sinn a leas a ràdh tuilleadh nach eil cloc againn. Cha bhi latha ann nach dùisg an coileach sinn tràth sa mhadainn, agus cha bhi sinn fadalach airson nì sam bith.’

‘Ach nach mis’ a tha luideach,’ arsa Pàdraig. ‘Bheil fios agad dè rinn mi? Reic mi an coileach air tastan oir bha an t-acras orm.’

‘Agus nach mise, a ghràidh, a tha taingeil gun do rinn thu sin,’ thuirt a bhean. ‘Chan eil dad a tha thu a’ dèanamh ach mar a dhèanainn fhìn e. Dè feum a th’ ann an coileach no cloc an seo? Faodaidh sinn a-nise fuireach anns an leabaidh cho fada ʼs a thogras sinn. Is mise, gu dearbh fhèin, a tha taingeil gu bheil thu air tilleadh dhachaigh slàn, sàbhailte agus gun do rinn thu a h-uile rud gu dòigheil.’

An sin, thionndaidh Pàdraig chun an dorais mhòir agus dh’fhosgail e e. Dh’èigh e ris an fhear a bha a-muigh, ‘Dè do bheachd a-nise? An do bhuannaich mi an geall?’

B’ fheudar do a charaid aideachadh gun do rinn e sin gun teagamh, agus phàigh e an geall dha.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Faclan na Litreach: dh’aidich: admitted; muicfheòil: pork; beannaich mise:bless me; gobhar: goat; càise: cheese; stad ort:stop there; gèadh: goose; socair ort: take it easy.

Abairtean na Litreach: Bha Pàdraig air bò a thoirt don mhargaidh ach thill e dhachaigh gun sgàth na phòcaid: Peter had taken a cow to market but he returned without anything to show for it; bha geall luach ceud not aige: he had a hundred-pound bet; nach fhaigheadh e trod sam bith bho a bhean: that he wouldn’t be scolded by his wife; a’ cumail cluas ri claisneachd: eavesdropping; ciamar a chaidh dhut?: how did you get on?; cha deach ro mhath: not too well; nach tu fhèin an duine glic: aren’t you a wise man; thug mi seachad e agus fhuair mi muc na àite: I gave it away and I got it a pig in its place; rinn thu dìreach mar a dhèanainn fhìn: you did just as I would do; cha bhiomaid ach a’ dìreadh na beinne gach latha: I would only climb the mountain every day; airson a’ ghobhar a thoirt dhachaigh air ròpa: to bring the goat home on a rope; bheir i dhuinn clòimh is bainne: she will give us wool and milk; nas blasta na feòil geòidh air a ròstadh:tastier than roasted goose meat; thug mi dha an gèadh air : I gave him the goose in exchange for it; cha bhi latha ann nach dùisg an coileach sinn tràth sa mhadainn: there will be no day when the cockerel doesn’t waken us early in the morning; nach mis’ a tha luideach: amn’t I stupid; reic mi an coileach air tastan oir bha an t-acras orm: I sold the cockerel for a shilling because I was hungry; dè feum a th’ ann an coileach no cloc?: what use is a cockerel or clock?; fuireach anns an leabaidh cho fada ʼs a thogras sinn:stay in bed for as long as we want; phàigh e an geall dha: he paid him the wager.

Puing-chànain na Litreach: Cha leig sinn a leas a bhith a’ coiseachd don eaglais tuilleadh: we don’t need to walk to the church any more. This is a really good expression and you should try to use it in your everyday speech. An tig mi còmhla riut ‘will I come with you?’ Cha leig thu (a) leas ‘you don’t need to’. Note that dialectally it is also cha ruig thu (a) leas.

Gnathas-cainnt na Litreach: Cha do rinn mi ach a toirt seachad air each: I just swapped it for a horse.

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An Litir Bheag

This letter corresponds to Tha an Litir seo a’ buntainn ri An Litir Bheag 687

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