menushow menuhide
GàidhligEnglish
facebook icon twitter icon email icon

An Litir Bheag (The Little Letter) An Litir Bheag

Ruairidh MacIlleathain Sreath de litrichean a bheir taic do luchd-ionnsachaidh na Gàidhlig. Bidh iad seo cuideachail do luchd-ionnsachaidh a tha seachad air ìre-tòiseachaidh agus a tha ag iarraidh barrachd Gàidhlig a leughadh. Tha faidhle fuaim, teacsa agus eadar-theangachadh an cois gach litir. Sna tràth-litrichean, tha puingean cànain is abairtean a’ gabhail àite eadar-theangachadh slàn. A series of letters that offer support to Gaelic learners. These will be helpful to learners who are beyond a beginners’ level and want to read more. Audio, text and translation accompany each letter. In the early letters, language points and phrases are provided instead of a full translation.

New Letters Litrichean Ùra

  • Go to a letter Theirig gu litir

Search Lorg

The Thousandth Letter (Litir Bheag 696) Am Mìleamh Litir (Litir Bheag 696)

The Thousandth Letter Am Mìleamh Litir

Hello, again, friends. The ‘big’ Litir – Litir do Luchd-ionnsachaidh – has reached a milestone. It started in 1999, more than nineteen years ago. The thousandth one appears this week.

Our word for ten hundreds is interesting, isn’t it? Mìle – like the word in Welsh, French, Latin ... It’s thought it came from Latin. If you look [up] the word mìle in a Gaelic dictionary, you’ll find two meanings for it – thousand and mile. That’s not a coincidence.

The Roman soldiers had a mile – mille passus – a thousand paces. However, it wouldn’t always be the same. When the soldiers were tired, their paces weren’t so long. The Roman general Agrippa created a standard measure. The Roman foot was based on the length of Agrippa’s own foot. And there were five feet in a pace.

Many countries and cultures had a mile – as a measure of distance – based on the Roman mile. But it was different in different places. A Scottish mile was longer than an English mile. The Scottish mile disappeared when Scotland and England came together in the union. A nautical mile is different because that was originally based on a section of the Earth’s circumference.

It’s not clear where the word thousand came from. Perhaps it meant ‘a few hundred’. It was in Old English as þúsend . There is a similar word in the Germanic languages. If you go to Norway, you’ll hear people say tusen takk. That’s equivalent to ‘mìle taing’ in Gaelic.

I said that it was from Latin that our own word came. But is that true in every place? I remember a time I went to visit an old man in the Mackay Country [North Sutherland]. We were speaking in Gaelic about sheep. He used the word sùstan for a thousand. I reckon sùstan came from Old Norse. It was also recorded in Caithness Gaelic.

Anyway, it’s time for me to go. A thousand farewells.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Am Mìleamh Litir (Litir Bheag 696)

The Thousandth Letter

Halo a-rithist, a chàirdean. Tha an Litir mhòr – Litir do Luchd-ionnsachaidh – air clach-mhìle a ruigsinn. Thòisich i ann an naoi ceud deug, naochad ʼs a naoi (1999), còrr is naoi bliadhn’ deug air ais. Tha am mìleamh tè a’ nochdadh an t-seachdain seo.

Tha am facal againn airson a dheich uiread de cheud inntinneach, nach eil? Mìle – coltach ris an fhacal ann an Cuimris, Fraingis, Laideann ... Tha dùil gun tàinig e bhon Laidinn. Ma choimheadas sibh air an fhacalmìle ann am faclair Gàidhlig, gheibh sibh dà chiall air – thousand agus mile. Chan e co-thuiteamas a tha sin.

Bha mìle aig na saighdearan Ròmanach – mille passus – mìle ceum. Ge-tà, cha bhiodh e co-ionnan fad na h-ùine. Nuair a bha na saighdearan sgìth, cha robh na ceumannan aca cho fada. Chruthaich an seanalair Ròmanach Agrippa slat-tomhais choitcheann. Bha an troigh Ròmanach stèidhichte air fad cas Agrippa fhèin. Agus bha còig troighean ann an ceum no passus.

Bha mìle – mar thomhas astair – aig iomadh dùthaich is cultar, stèidhichte air mìle nan Ròmanach. Ach bha i diofraichte ann an diofar àiteachan. Bha mìle Albannach na b’ fhaide na mìle Shasannach. Dh’fhalbh a’ mhìle Albannach nuair a thàinig Alba is Sasainn còmhla anns an aonadh. Tha mìle-mara eadar-dhealaichte oir bha sin o thùs stèidhichte air earrann de chearcall-thomhas na Talmhainn.

Chan eil e soilleir cò às a thàinig am facal thousand. ʼS dòcha gun robh e a’ ciallachadh ‘grunn cheudan’. Bha e anns an t-Seann Bheurla mar þúsend. Tha facal coltach anns na cànanan Gearmanach. Ma thèid sibh a Nirribhidh, cluinnidh sibh daoine ag ràdh tusen takk. Tha sin co-ionann ri ‘mìle taing’ ann an Gàidhlig.

Thuirt mi gur ann bhon Laidinn a thàinig ar facal fhèin. Ach a bheil sin fìor anns a h-uile h-àite? Tha cuimhne agam air turas a chaidh mi a chèilidh air bodach ann an Dùthaich MhicAoidh. Bha sinn a’ bruidhinn ann an Gàidhlig air caoraich. Chleachd esan am facal sùstan airson mìle. ʼS iongantach mura tàinig sùstan bhon t-Seann Lochlannais. Bha e clàraichte cuideachd ann an Gàidhlig Ghallaibh.

Co-dhiù, tha an t-àm agam falbh. Mìle beannachd leibh.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PDF

Download the text of this week's letter as a PDF: Thoir a-nuas Litir mar PDF: Adobe PDF of this letter

PDF documents are especially suited for printing out. Most computers can open PDF files, but if you have problems viewing them you may need to install reader software such as Tha faidhleachan PDF gu sònraichte math airson clò-bhualadh. Tha e furasta gu leòr do chuid de choimpiutairean faidhleachan PDF fhosgladh, ach ma tha trioblaid agad ‘s dòcha gum biodh e feumail bathar-bog mar Adobe Acrobat Reader. fhaighinn.

Litir do Luchd-ionnsachaidh

This letter corresponds to Tha an Litir seo a’ buntainn ri Litir do Luchd-ionnsachaidh 1000

Podcast

BBC offers this litir as a podcast – visit the programme page for more info and to download or subscribe. Tha am BBC a’ tabhainn seo mar podcast. Tadhail air an duilleag-phrògraim airson barrachd fiosrachaidh no airson podcast fhaighinn

Other Letters Litrichean eile

data loading indicator

Àireamh / Number

Facal / Word